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Instead the apostle simply calls him “John” as if his readers would already know about Jesus’ cousin.In addition, the details surrounding John the Baptist’s death are never described.He first begins by outlining the assumptions on which the post-A. 70 dating hinges: Most critics date the writing of Mark around A. 70 because the Christian theology in it is quite developed and Jesus’ predictions of the destruction of Jerusalem (Mark 13) show that the event was at hand. The value of those arguments, however, hinges on certain assumptions: (1) With regard to Mark, the first argument assumes that “the Christian theology” was not in fact Jesus’ own.
Less time for oral history means less time for legends to develop, and this points to a more reliable gospel message.Once again, as with the others, this is short of proof of Johannine authorship, but the unbroken stream suggests recognition (or at least acknowledgment) of Johannine authorship as early as the first quarter of the second century.Indeed, John’s Gospel is unique among the evangelists for two early papyri (P, dated c. Since these two MSS were not closely related to each other, this common tradition must precede them by at least three or four generations of copying. All of this is to say that from the beginning of the second century, the fourth gospel was strongly attached to the apostle John.I must confess that the conservative calculations sound reasonable in parts.This thinking places at least some of the gospels well before the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the temple in 70 CE.